pests in agricultural crops

How To Control Pests In Agricultural Crops

Many people believe that pests in crops are very difficult to control. They say that the only way to completely get rid of pests in crops is to destroy the crops themselves. However, this is not the case. Although it would be very difficult for a farmer to get rid of pests entirely, there are measures which can be taken to restrict their growth and development.

Contributing Factors

The main factor that contributes to pests growing on crops is excessive fertilization. Irrigation is a very cheap option for farmers who wish to increase the production of their crops. It is a cheap method, but one which can prove hazardous to the health of humans and the environment. This is because pesticides are used in excess during the application of fertilizers. These chemicals are known to cause a lot of damage to the soil and the pests, and even to human health. Thus, it is advisable to use other methods apart from applying pesticides when you are trying to increase the production of your crops.

If you do not wish to resort to insect pests in crops, then it would be best if you leave them to their own devices. You should leave the pests to their own devices as they will naturally create problems on their own without you having to do anything. However, sometimes you may have to deal with pests if you cannot control them with your hands.

Actions

In such a scenario, there are some steps that you can take. You should try to remove pests eggs from the crops. You should check for nymphs or eggs, which are produced after the pests feed on the plant. If you see any such pests, you should wash the plant thoroughly with water so that no residue is left behind. However, if you see any residue, you should not use the pesticide that you have applied.

You should also wash the crop to clean any residue that has been left behind by the insecticide. You should use a detergent that is strong enough to kill the pests but mild enough to keep the soil fresh. You should make sure that you follow the directions of the pesticide properly. For instance, you should not use more than one-third of the amount required for a specific treatment. In this way, you will not harm the insects.

pests in agricultural crops

Before using any insecticides or pesticides, you should read the instructions carefully. It is important to follow all the safety precautions mentioned in the instruction manual of the pesticide. You should store the pesticide in a safe place, which is away from children’s reach. Sometimes, pesticides can cause skin irritation and redness. You should not apply the insecticides near plants that are pollinated. If you are not sure about whether the pests are being killed with the pesticide, you can test the pesticide with an independent tester.

The pesticides available in the market are categorized into two – organic and non-organic insecticides. Non-organic pesticides contain chemical substances that are derived from plant chemicals and organic pesticides are made from natural substances. Organic pesticides are safer for both the environment and the farmers as they do not pollute the air and water. However, organic pesticides are more costly than non-organic ones.

Certain precautions should be taken before the application of pesticides. For instance, it is important to use gloves when handling the insecticides and to wash your hands thoroughly afterwards. Farmers are recommended to spray their crops once in the morning and again in the evening. Farmers are also advised to wear long pants and long sleeves to avoid getting the insecticides on their skin.

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